Solution properties of poly(methyl acrylate) and (1:1) poly(styrene-co-methyl acrylate)

Karunakaran, K. ; Santappa, M. (1968) Solution properties of poly(methyl acrylate) and (1:1) poly(styrene-co-methyl acrylate) Journal of Polymer Science Part A-2: Polymer Physics, 6 (4). pp. 713-721. ISSN 0449-2978

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Poly(methyl acrylate) (PMA) and 1:1 poly(styrene-co-methyl acrylate) (PSMA) were prepared by solution and bulk polymerization, respectively. The copolymer was analyzed with NMR to ascertain its composition and microstructure. The solution properties of unfractionated PMA and fractionated PSMA in ethyl acetate were investigated by light-scattering and viscosity techniques at 35°C. Narrow composition heterogeneity as revealed from the light-scattering measurements in different solvents justified the use of a single solvent for the copolymer characterization. The equations relating the limiting viscosity number to molecular weight, the molecular dimension to molecular weight, etc., were found for homopolymer and copolymers in ethyl acetate at 35°C. In the evaluation of the Flory constant K for the unperturbed state by methods based on Flory-Fox-Schaefgen, Kurata-Stockmayer, and Stockmayer-Fixman expressions, only the first method gave a value for PMA in ethyl acetate, consistent with that obtained in other solvents, whereas similar values of K were obtained by the three methods for PSMA in ethyl acetate. The studies indicate reduced thermodynamic interaction for PSMA-ethyl acetate compared to PMA-ethyl acetate, but increased steric effect in the copolymer compared with the homopolymer.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
ID Code:43313
Deposited On:11 Jun 2011 06:41
Last Modified:11 Jun 2011 06:41

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