Ceric ion-initiated polymerization of acrylonitrile in the presence of polyols

Rout, Anuradha ; Rout, Swoyam P. ; Singh, Baishnab C. ; Santappa, M. (1977) Ceric ion-initiated polymerization of acrylonitrile in the presence of polyols Die Makromolekulare Chemie, 178 (3). pp. 639-648. ISSN 0025-116X

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/macp.19...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/macp.1977.021780301


The polymerization of acrylonitrile was studied in aqueous sulfuric acid with the redox initiator system, ceric ammonium sulfate/glycerol at 15-25°C. The initiation was effected by the ceric ion and the radical produced from the reaction of Ce4+ with glycerol. At lower concentrations of Ce4+, the rate of monomer disappearance was proportional to [M]1,5, [G]0,5, and [Ce4+]0,5, and the rate of ceric ion disappearance was directly proportional to [Ce4+] and [G]. The results were explained by a kinetic scheme involving the oxidation of substrate by Ce4+ to give the primary radical and further reaction of the latter with Ce4+ to give the final product, and initiation of polymerization both by Ce4+ and the primary radical. The initiation by Ce4+ was found to be negligible as compared to that by the primary radical. The termination step is postulated to be mutual at lower concentrations of Ce4+ and linear at higher concentrations of Ce4+. The induction period and the rate of polymerization was compared with those of other polyol systems, such as sorbitol and mannitol.

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