Effect of phosphorylation on the structure and fold of transactivation domain of p53

Kar, Sanchari ; Sakaguchi, Kazuyasu ; Shimohigashi, Yasuyuki ; Samaddar, Soma ; Banerjee, Raja ; Basu, Gautam ; Swaminathan, V. ; Kundu, Tapas K. ; Roy, Siddhartha (2002) Effect of phosphorylation on the structure and fold of transactivation domain of p53 Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277 (18). pp. 15579-15585. ISSN 0021-9258

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Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/content/277/18/15579.short

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M106915200


Several phosphorylations are known to occur in the N-terminal transactivation domain of human p53. To explore the structural effects of these phosphorylations, we have chemically synthesized the unphosphorylated p53-(1-39) and its three phosphorylated analogs, phosphorylated at Ser-15, Thr-18, and Ser-20. p53-(1-39) and its Ser-15 and Thr-18 phosphorylated analogs were tested for interaction with p300. The order of binding affinities was similar to that derived from biochemical experiments with the whole protein, indicating functional integrity of the domain. Differences in chemical shifts and coupling constants indicate significant structural changes upon phosphorylations. The single tryptophan in the unphosphorylated domain has an emission maximum and a Stern-Volmer constant that are characteristics of tryptophans situated in protein interiors. The diffusion constant is monomer-like, with an axial ratio of 1:7.5, indicating a significant degree of compaction. Upon phosphorylations, the emission maximum and diffusion constant change significantly toward values that indicate more open conformations. Binding of the hydrophobic probe bis-1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonate to the unphosphorylated and one of the phosphorylated domains is also significantly different, suggesting different conformations. We propose that phosphorylations switch the largely folded transactivation domain to more open conformations that interact with transcription factors such as p300/cAMP- responsive element-binding protein-binding protein, leading to enhancement of gene expression.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
ID Code:43128
Deposited On:10 Jun 2011 05:50
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