Anisotropy characteristics of low energy cosmic ray population of solar origin

Rao, U. R. ; McCracken, K. G. ; Allum, F. R. ; Palmeira, R. A. R. ; Bartley, W. C. ; Palmer, I. (1971) Anisotropy characteristics of low energy cosmic ray population of solar origin Solar Physics, 19 (1). pp. 209-233. ISSN 0038-0938

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Comparison of Explorer 34 observations on solar protons in the energy range 0.7-55 MeV with similar observations from other spacecrafts show that the large field aligned anisotropies which are observed during the rise time of a flare event change to an equilibrium anisotropy coming radially from the sunward direction due to the convective removal of the solar particles. At very late times during the decay (T ≥ 4 days) the anisotropy is observed to be from a direction ~45° E of the satellite-Sun line which is interpreted as indicative of positive density gradient of solar cosmic ray population. The dependence of both types of equilibrium anisotropies on the energy and the velocity of the particles and on plasma velocity are shown to be in agreement with the theoretical predictions. The amplitude of the large field aligned anisotropies observed earlier in the event is found to be independent of the rise time of the event and to vary as (Vt)−1. Interplanetary magnetic sector crossings during a flare event, cause abrupt changes in both the amplitude and phase of the non-equilibrium anisotropy whereas they have no significant effect on equilibrium anisotropy. The effect of azimuthal density gradients on the decay time constants of flare enhancements are also examined in an attempt to understand the complicated structures, often observed, in the time intensity profiles at low energies.

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Deposited On:06 Jun 2011 10:04
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