Resistance anomaly near phase transition in confined ferromagnetic nanowires

Venkata Kamalakar, M. ; Raychaudhuri, A. K. (2010) Resistance anomaly near phase transition in confined ferromagnetic nanowires Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 82 (19). 195425_1-195425_9. ISSN 1098-0121

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In this paper we report the study of the resistance anomaly close to the ferromagnetic phase transition temperature TC in Ni nanowires. The electrical resistance measurements on well characterized Ni nanowires of diameters down to 20 nm were carried out over an extensive temperature range (4-675 K), which encompasses the region close to TC (reduced temperature |t|≤10−2). The wires were grown in porous alumina templates by electrodeposition and the experiments were carried out by retaining the wires in the templates. The strain that is generated by retaining the wires in the templates was estimated and its effect was considered in the analysis. The data analysis done in the framework of critical behavior of resistance near TC reveals that the critical behavior persists even down to the lowest diameter wire of 20 nm. However, there is a suppression of the critical behavior of the resistivity as characterized by the critical exponent α and the amplitude of the derivative dρ(T)/dT at TC. We observed a considerable suppression of TC (as determined from resistance data). The shift in TC as well as the suppression of dρ(T)/dT are explained as arising from finite size effects.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
ID Code:42623
Deposited On:04 Jun 2011 12:37
Last Modified:04 Jun 2011 12:37

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