Role of resonance energy transfer in light harvesting of zinc oxide-based dye-sensitized solar cells

Makhal, Abhinandan ; Sarkar, Soumik ; Bora, Tanujjal ; Baruah, Sunandan ; Dutta, Joydeep ; Raychaudhuri, A. K. ; Pal, Samir Kumar (2010) Role of resonance energy transfer in light harvesting of zinc oxide-based dye-sensitized solar cells Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114 (23). pp. 10390-10395. ISSN 1932-7447

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In this contribution we have studied the dynamics of light harvesting of ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) to a surface adsorbed sensitizing dye (SD) N719. By using the picosecond resolved Frster resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique we have explored that the excited ZnO NPs resonantly transfer visible optical radiation to the SD N719. The consequence of the energy transfer on the performance of the overall efficiency of a model ZnO NP-based dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) has also been explored. We have demonstrated that the overall efficiency of a ZnO NP-based solar cell significantly depends on the presence of high-energy photons in the solar radiation. In a control experiment on a model TiO2 NP-based solar cell it has been demonstrated that the presence of high-energy photon has a minimal effect on the performance of the cell as the TiO2 NPs are incapable of harvesting high-energy photons from solar radiation. The possibility of the back electron transfer from the excited NPs to the SD has also been investigated by studying the NPs in the presence of an ideal electron accepting organic molecule, benzoquinone (BQ). The time constants and nonradiative rate constant obtained for the ZnO/N719 system are found to be different from those of the ZnO/BQ system, which rules out the possibility of back electron transfer from ZnO NPs to SD N719. Moreover, the observed FRET dynamics in the light harvesting process of the nanocrystalites may be efficient in the further use of the nanoparticles in the development of new photodevices.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:42618
Deposited On:04 Jun 2011 12:29
Last Modified:04 Jun 2011 12:29

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