Evidence for the role of thyroxine as a hormone in the physiology of a lizard

Chandola-Saklani, Asha ; Kar, Anand (1990) Evidence for the role of thyroxine as a hormone in the physiology of a lizard General and Comparative Endocrinology, 78 (2). pp. 173-179. ISSN 0016-6480

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/001664...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-6480(90)90003-5


In vivo effects of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) were studied in male lizards. T4 or T3 (0.5 to 2 nmol) was administered per day over 10 days to surgically thyroidectomized male lizards (35 ± 2.0 g) and the responses were measured in terms of scale shedding, whole body oxygen consumption (OC), and testicular weight. T3 was more effective in stimulating OC as compared to T4. T4 accelerated scale shedding to a greater extent as compared to T3. T4 was more effective than T3 in restoring the decline in the gonadal weight of thyroidectomized animals. Effect of inhibition of peripheral conversion of T4→ T3 by iopanoic acid (IOP) was studied on the above response parameters. IOP at both dose levels inhibited extrathyroidal conversion of T4→T3. The T4-stimulated increase in OC of IOP-treated animals was suppressed, clearly indicating that the T4 effect could be attributed to its conversion to T3. But in these same animals, IOP failed to inhibit T4-stimulated scale shedding and gonadal weight. As the proportion of T4 converted to T3 decreased as a result of IOP treatment, the effectiveness of T4 increased in terms of scale shedding and restoration of gonadal weight. From these studies it appears that all effects of T4 in lizards need not necessarily be mediated via conversion to T3.

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