Condensation of DNA and chromatin by an SPKK-containing octapeptide repeat motif present in the c-terminus of histone H1

Khadake, Jyoti R. ; Satyanarayana Rao, Manchanahalli R. (1997) Condensation of DNA and chromatin by an SPKK-containing octapeptide repeat motif present in the c-terminus of histone H1 Biochemistry, 36 (5). pp. 1041-1051. ISSN 0006-2960

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Several DNA binding motifs have been described in the C-terminus of histone H1 (Churchill & Travers, 1991), of these the S/TPKK repeat (Suzuki, 1989) often occurs as a part of an octapeptide repeat of the type XTPKKXKK. We have studied in detail the DNA and chromatin condensing properties of a consensus octapeptide KSPKKAKK (8 mer) present in many histone H1 subtypes and its imperfect repeat ATPKKSTKKTPKKAKK (16 mer TPKK) as it occurs in the C-terminus of rat histone H1d. The 16 mer TPKK peptide containing two S/TPKK motifs was able to condense both rat oligonucleosomal (2-5 kbp) DNA and histone H1-depleted chromatin as revealed by circular dichroism spectroscopy. The 8 mer peptide, however, was unable to condense either the DNA or the histone H1-depleted chromatin. Both the 8 mer peptide and the 16 mer TPKK peptide displaced distamycin A from the drug-DNA complex, although with different efficiency, indicating that while these two peptides could bind DNA, only the 16 mer (TPKK) peptide could bring about condensation of DNA and histone H1-depleted chromatin. A mutant 16 mer (TAKK) peptide wherein two proline residues are replaced by alanine, was ineffective in bringing about condensation of both DNA and histone H1-depleted chromatin. These results suggest that the two β-turn structures present in the 16 mer (TPKK) peptide could be important in facilitating binding to different regions of duplex DNA thereby bringing about close packing and condensation. The condensation property of the 16 mer (TPKK) peptide was very similar to that of histone H1 in terms of (a) its preference for AT rich DNA, (b) cooperativity of condensation, and (c) salt dependence of condensation. The 16 mer (TPKK) peptide, but not the 8 mer peptide or the 16 mer (TAKK) peptide, could form complexes with a polynucleosomal 5S DNA core resulting in retarded mobility similar to the complexes formed with histone H1 on agarose gel electrophoresis.

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Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:42564
Deposited On:04 Jun 2011 11:29
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