Mammalian sex chromosomes

Raman, Rajiva ; Nanda, Indrajit (1986) Mammalian sex chromosomes Chromosoma, 93 (4). pp. 367-374. ISSN 0009-5915

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The X and Y chromosomes of the musk shrew are the two largest in the complement and they regularly form a single chiasma during meiosis. This chiasma is located in the short arms of the X and Y, both of which show partial C-banding at meiosis. The in vitro incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine/tritiated thymidine during late S reveals that the non-C-band region of the Y finishes replication later than the C-band positive heterochromatin. During meiosis, the sex bivalent opens out early in pachytene to reveal a single chiasma which persists until late metaphase-I. In surface-spread, silver-stained meiocytes, the sex bivalent morphology changes from a phase of extensive pairing to one which includes a visible chiasma through a brief diffuse stage. Observations on C-banded meiocytes show a shift in the sex pair from a C-band positive to a negative state as compared to their corresponding somatic pattern. Comparable changes are also observed in the sex bivalents of other mammals which undergo a chiasmatic exchange. This suggests that in addition to pairing homology, an alteration in the chromatin configuration may be necessary for crossing over to occur between the sex chromosomes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
ID Code:41646
Deposited On:30 May 2011 13:09
Last Modified:30 May 2011 13:09

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