Photoelasticity in polycrystalline aggregates

Ranganath, G. S. ; Ramaseshan, S. (1973) Photoelasticity in polycrystalline aggregates Pramana - Journal of Physics, 1 (2). pp. 78-87. ISSN 0304-4289

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A theory for the photoelastic behaviour of transparent polycrystaliine aggregates consisting of randomly oriented anisotropic crystallites has been developed. Such an aggregate is isotropic but it becomes birefringent under the influence of a uniaxial load. The photoelastic constants of the aggregate are given by the components of the spatial average of the photoelastic tensor of the single crystal, and are worked out by assuming either the strain to be continuous (Voigt approximation) or the stress to be continuous (Reuss approximation). The components of the average photoelastic tensor are very different for these two limits. The elastic and the photoelastic constants of alkali halide aggregates have been evaluated for both the stress continuity and the strain continuity conditions. The maximum variation of the elastic constants in going from the Voigt to the Reuss condition is 50 per cent while the photoelastic birefringence can vary by as much as 800 per cent in alkali halides. In the case of KI and rubidium halides even the sign of the photoelastic birefringence is different for the two limits.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Polycrystals; Photoelasticity; Elastic Constants; Alkali Halides; Photoelastic Birefringence
ID Code:41608
Deposited On:30 May 2011 11:16
Last Modified:17 May 2016 23:16

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