Catalytic aluminas: surface models and characterization of surface sites

Knözinger, H. ; Ratnasamy, P. (1978) Catalytic aluminas: surface models and characterization of surface sites Catalysis Reviews, 17 (1). pp. 31-70. ISSN 0161-4940

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Aluminas have been used extensively as adsorbenu and active catalysrs and catalyst supponsm the pas. Already in 1197 the aluminadyzed dehydration of ettllnoi was dtscavered by Dutch chermsts: and S;rbatier [3] remewed the use of dumlnas as active cazaiysrs far vanous reacttons UI the second decade of thu century. She that time the applicazions of aluuuas m dycic pmcesses have mcreased tremendously. In tndustrral cualytic pmcesses, alumuus are mostiy used as catalyst suppons [4]. Oxides a d mued oxides ap well as tracuuion mauls and noble meare supported oa alumma. Thuscb. romaa-elumana catalysts are ktng used for the conversion of parafdns to olailnrc hydrocarbons, 10 hydrodealkplation of aromatics. and to a lesser exzm in catalyzic reforming. The larter process LS also caralyzed by molybdena-alumina, a cavlyst system whid is also active for malang toluene and ocher aromatics from satwed hydrocarc bons. It also dyzes the Isomerhation of pm. Great efions are presently be-made to nudy the surface chemlstry of these molybdena-alumma ysfs [5, 6]. The great mterest LD. ttuS catalyst and its detailed nature and properties are certadp reiated to the enormous imnortance of cobalt oxade-molybdenum omde-nlumlna as a widely u5ed Caulytic system for hydrodesuUunzaim, hydmdeoirrogemion, and hydmcracklng reacttans. Cenaialy one of the most imporrant appllcations of alumbas is its use as a support for nobie met tn cazalpzic reformtng, My, dunsinas may also be used as supports for the immobilt.? tioa of mommuclear complexes and of polynucieu me clusters, a fleld which hs recently begun to attraa the Wrest of cacaiytic chamlsts [7, 8].

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