Study of hydrogen bonds in amino acids and peptides

Ramakrishnan, C. ; Prasad, Nageshwar (1971) Study of hydrogen bonds in amino acids and peptides International Journal of Protein Research, 3 (1-4). pp. 209-231. ISSN 0020-7551

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An analysis of the various parameters associated with N-H...O type of hydrogen bonds has been made using data from reported crystal structures of amino acids and simple peptides. The different parameters at the donor and the acceptor ends have been suitably defined and evaluated. In some cases the analysis is done depending upon the chargedness or other characteristics of the donor and acceptor groups. Histograms giving the distribution of these parameters have been drawn and possible conclusions arrived at: 1. The distribution shows a maximum between 2.8 A and 2.9 A for the charged donor group and 2.9 A and 3.0 A for the uncharged donor group and is probably not dependent upon the charge on the acceptor group. 2. The angle between the directions CO and O. N tends to lie between two cones about C O with semi-vertical angles 40 and 70°. The orientation of the directions O. N and O. H with respect to the lone pair orbital directions on the acceptor oxygen atoms are analysed in detail using spherical polar coordinates. The analysis indicates that the group NH has a very strong tendency to point towards the acceptor oxygen atom. A general feature has been found in that the direction N-H tends to be closer to an orbital if the oxygen is an acceptor of two hydrogen bonds, while the direction tends to lie in between the orbitals when the acceptor oxygen is the receipient of only one hydrogen bond. The possible explanation of this on the basis of lone pair interaction is briefly discussed.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Munksgaard International Publishers.
ID Code:40999
Deposited On:25 May 2011 13:58
Last Modified:25 May 2011 13:58

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