Vertical plasma drifts in the post-sunset F-region at the magnetic equator

Namboothiri, S. P. ; Jayachandran, B. ; Balan, N. ; Rao, P. B. (1988) Vertical plasma drifts in the post-sunset F-region at the magnetic equator Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, 50 (12). pp. 1087-1091. ISSN 0021-9169

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HF doppler observations of vertical plasma drifts in the post-sunset equatorial F-region at Trivandrum (dip 0.9°S), conducted over a range of solar and geomagnetic conditions, are presented. The observations show that under magnetically quiet conditions, the characteristic post-sunset enhancement in the vertical plasma drift is quite sensitive to solar activity; the peak velocity drops by about a factor of 3 as the solar flux index (S10.7) changes from about 125 to 70. It is found that the drift velocity enhancement has strong magnetic activity dependence only during high solar activity; the drift velocity drops by more than a factor of 2 from quiet to moderate activity, but builds back to the quiet day level for high magnetic activity. The occurrence of equatorial spread-F (ESF) is seen to be closely linked to the post-sunset enhancement in the vertical drift velocity, both showing essentially the same dependence on solar and magnetic activities. A comparison with Jicamarca observations shows that while the gross characteristics of the drift velocity pattern are about the same for the two stations, there are significant differences in the detailed variations, particularly for magnetically disturbed conditions.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:40562
Deposited On:24 May 2011 14:38
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