Corrosion behaviour of intermetallic aluminide coatings on nitrogen-containing austenitic stainless steels

Kamachi Mudali, U. ; Bhuvaneswaran, N. ; Shankar, P. ; Baldev Raj, (2004) Corrosion behaviour of intermetallic aluminide coatings on nitrogen-containing austenitic stainless steels Corrosion Science, 46 (12). pp. 2867-2892. ISSN 0010-938X

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The present work reports the effect of aluminide layers on the aqueous corrosion behaviour of four different 316L stainless steels containing various nitrogen contents (0.015%, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.56% N). Diffusion annealed aluminide layers are generated over the surface by heat treatment of the aluminium precoated alloys at 750°C for 25 h in nitrogen atmosphere. X-ray diffraction patterns of the surface modified samples showed the presence of AlN, Al13Fe4 and FeAl2 phases. Diffusion of aluminum into the alloy, and the formation of AlN by the reaction of aluminium with matrix nitrogen, was identified using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The nitrogen peak in the diffused layer was found to increase with increasing nitrogen content of the base alloy. SEM observation of cross-sectionally mounted alloys showed the presence of spherical AlN phase in addition to iron aluminide intermetallic phases. The role of such a composite surface layer containing intermetallic aluminides and nitride on the corrosion resistance of austenitic stainless steels in 0.5 M NaCl and 0.5 M sulphuric acid is discussed in greater detail based on open circuit potential (OCP)-time measurements, potentiodynamic polarisation studies and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) investigations. The aluminide layered alloy with 0.1% N content showed better corrosion performance. The presence of nitrogen was found to have a positive effect in enhancing the hardness of the composite layer. Role of matrix nitrogen on the microstructure and microchemical distribution at the surface, and its role on corrosion resistance in acidic and chloride media are discussed in detail.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:A. Stainless Steels; Intermetallics; B. EIS; Polarisation; C. Pitting Corrosion
ID Code:40391
Deposited On:24 May 2011 04:59
Last Modified:24 May 2011 04:59

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