Estimation of springback in double-curvature forming of plates: experimental evaluation and process modeling

Borah, Utpal ; Venugopal, Shreedhar ; Nagarajan, R. ; Sivaprasad, P. V. ; Venugopal, S. ; Baldev Raj, (2008) Estimation of springback in double-curvature forming of plates: experimental evaluation and process modeling International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 50 (4). pp. 704-718. ISSN 0020-7403

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


This paper presents the results obtained from a series of experiments on double-curvature forming of 300 mm square and 15 mm thick plates of type 316L(N) stainless steel to evaluate the inherent springback and also to validate finite element method (FEM) based process model developed for forming of multiple-curvature sectors of large size vessels. The experimental results show that twisting of the plate occurs during pressing, which is unavoidable in an actual forming setup on the shop floor. Twisting increases with increase in slope of the die cavity. Springback in the plate changes in an ascending order towards the centerline of the plate from the edges. The final radius of curvature (ROC) on the pressed plate after springback does not remain constant along a particular axis although the die and the punch had constant ROC along that axis because of varying constraint to opening up of the plate from centerlines to the edges. Springback also increases with reduction in the stiffness of the die and punch. The simulated plate profiles obtained from the FEM process model for multiple-curvature plate forming compared well with the experiments, the maximum error being within 6%. The process model used a sequential dynamic explicit formulation for the plate pressing phase and a static implicit formulation for the unloading (springback) phase in the Lagrangian framework. Reduced integration shell elements were used for the plate and the die and the punch were considered rigid. Dynamic explicit FEM for pressing and static implicit FEM for the unloading phase are adequate and economic for modeling of plate forming process by using FEM. The necessary material and frictional property data needed for the FEM process model were generated in-house. This model can be applied to design of dies and punches for forming the petals of large pressure vessels. The FEM process model predicts the final shape of the product and the residual cold work level for a given die, punch and plate configuration and this information can be used to correct the die and punch shapes for springback to manufacture the petals to the desired accuracy.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Near-net Shape Manufacturing; Multiple-curvature Plate Forming; 316l(N) Stainless Steel; Springback; Finite Element Method; Process Model
ID Code:40347
Deposited On:23 May 2011 14:12
Last Modified:23 May 2011 14:12

Repository Staff Only: item control page