Effects of feeding and starvation on growth and swimming activity in an obligatory air-breathing fish

Panidian, T. J. ; Vivekanandan, E. (1976) Effects of feeding and starvation on growth and swimming activity in an obligatory air-breathing fish Hydrobiologia, 49 (1). pp. 33-39. ISSN 0018-8158

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/index/QN6866525T317481...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00016165


Reared in (tubular) aquaria containing different depths of water, Ophiocephalus striatus (0.7 g, 4.5 cm body length), an obligatory air-breathing tropical fish, swam long or short distances to enable themselves to exchange atmospheric air. In each tested depth (2.5, 5.0, 15.5, 31.0 and 40.0 cm) series, one group was starved, while the other was fed ad libitum twice a day on fish muscle. In the shallowest water (2.5 cm depth), the feeding group surfaced 1,294 times, travelling 64.7 m at an energy cost of 20.4 mg dry fish substance/g live fish/day, against those exposed to the deepest water (40 cm depth), which expended 35.8 mg/g/day, swimming 1,503.4 m on 1,879 visits to the surface. The starving group surfaced only 482 times, travelling 24.1 m at an expense of 5.8 mg/g/day in the shallowest water, while those at 40 cm depth surfaced 504 times, swimming 403.2 m at an energy cost of 7.4 mg/g/day. Owing to the sustained swimming activity and the consequent fatigue, the test individuals belonging to both groups in all the tested series 'hang' to the surface for a definite interval, repaying the O2 debt. Observations were also made to assess the duration of 'hanging' to precisely estimate the distance travelled. Irrespective of changes in depths of water, the duration of 'hanging' to surface was only 3.0 hr/day for the feeding groups, while it was as much as 15.5 hr/day for the starving groups. The maximum sustained metabolic level of O.striatus reared in 40 cm depth was equivalent to 1.23 ml O2/g/hr, which is about 2 times higher than the value reported for the active metabolism of swimming Oncorhynchus nerka at 15°C in Brett's (1964) respirometer. O.striatus reared in 2.5 cm depth fed 32.0 mg and converted 6.7 mg dry food/g live fish/day, while those exposed to the deepest water fed 49.1 mg, but converted only 5.5 mg/g/day. Culturing obligatory air-breathing fishes in shallow waters will be advantageous.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:Obligate Air·breather; Ophiocephalus striatus; Feeding; Starvation; Swimming Activity; Fatigue; Oxygen Debt; Surface 'hanging'; 'resting Period'; conversion; Maximum Sustained Metabolic Level
ID Code:39871
Deposited On:17 May 2011 11:22
Last Modified:17 May 2016 22:09

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