Intake and coversion of food in the fish Limanda limanda exposed to different temperatures

Pandian, T. J. (1970) Intake and coversion of food in the fish Limanda limanda exposed to different temperatures Marine Biology, 5 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 0025-3162

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


In the flat fish Limanda limanda L., feeding rate and conversion efficiency were studied as functions of body weight, sex, temperature and food quality. When offered herring meat at 13 °C (series I), females (live weights 1 to 150 g) consume more food than males; the magnitude of this difference is body weight-dependent. With increasing wieght, both females and males consume less food per unit body weight per day. Variations in daily ration are considerable; the range of deviation from mean feeding rate is about 60% for males and 40% for females. The range of deviation does not vary significantly among females and males of different body weights. At the same temperature level (13°C; series II), females consume almost the same, or even less, cod meat than males. Among individuals of series I and II, there is a little difference in the feeding rate; however, herring-fed individuals obtain about 2 times more energy than cod-fed individuals. Each gram wet weight of herring meat yields 2001, each gram cod meat 1137, calories. Small individuals completely cease to feed at 3°C; they feed little at 8°C. Larger females consume maximum amounts at 8°C. Small individuals consume maximum amounts at higher temperatures. Thus, with increasing body weight (age), the temperature for maximum feeding shifts downwards. Feeding with cod or herring meat results in considerable changes in composition and calorific content of L. Limanda. The magnitude of these changes depends both on temperature and food quality. Food conversion efficiency values of herring-fed individuals are about 1 ½ times higher than of cod-fed individuals. In series I and II, females are more efficient converters than males. In individuals weighing more than 50 g, conversion efficiency decreases in the order: 8°, 13°, 18°C; in smaller individuals this order is 13°, 18°, 8°C. Conversion rate is about 2 to 5 times faster in individuals fed herring meat than those receiving cod meat. Conversion rate decreases in the order 13°, 8°, 18°C in males, and in the order 18°, 13°, 8°C in females; females of more than 80 g are exceptional in that they reach the maximum at 8°C. From the data on food intake and food conversion, the biologically useful energy available for metabolism has been calculated for each test individual kept at 13° and 18°C. At these temperature levels, the weight exponents are about 0.6; the a value or metabolic level for the 18°C series is about 2 times higher than that at 13°C. Thus, temperature affects metabolic rate but not the exponential value. The exponential value for the body weight-metabolism relation at 13°C is for dab fed herring meat 0.9; the a value amounts to about half that for dab fed cod meat. Food quality, unlike temperature, alters not only the exponential value but also metabolic rate.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
ID Code:39853
Deposited On:17 May 2011 11:08
Last Modified:17 May 2011 11:08

Repository Staff Only: item control page