Yolk utilization and hatching time in the Canadian lobster Homarus americanus

Pandian, T. J. (1970) Yolk utilization and hatching time in the Canadian lobster Homarus americanus Marine Biology, 7 (3). pp. 249-254. ISSN 0025-3162

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/t13g84pk8uh6q7...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00367495


During the course of its embryonic development, the Canadian lobster Homarus americanus Milne-Edwards exhibits steady increases in water content (56.2 to 86.8%) and ash (5.8 to 21.2%), and a progressive decrease in energy content from 6636 to 4292 cal/g dry weight. Mean dry weight of a single egg is 965 μg, equivalent to 6.4 cal; a freshly hatched egg. The lobster hatches about 1,500 larvae per night over a period of 4 to 5 days. Dry weight, ash and calorific contents of larvae hatched on different days show considerable variations. After larvae hatch on the first day, continuous salt absorption by eggs to hatch on subsequent days leads to a steady increase in ash content from 143 μg/larva hatched on the first day to 255 μg/larva hatched on the fourth day, and consequently, to an increase in dry weight from 854 to 956 μg/larva. Metabolism of embryos (0.1 cal/day), which are yet to be hatched on subsequent days, depletes the calorific content per unit weight (from 4637 to 3837 cal/g dry weight) as well as per larva (from 3.98 to 3.67 cal).

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