Oscillating bubble concentration and its size distribution using acoustic emission spectra

Avvaru, Balasubrahmanyam ; Pandit, Aniruddha B. (2009) Oscillating bubble concentration and its size distribution using acoustic emission spectra Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 16 (1). pp. 105-115. ISSN 1350-4177

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13504...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2008.07.003


New method has been proposed for the estimation of size and number density distribution of oscillating bubbles in a sonochemical reactor using acoustic emission spectra measurements. Bubble size distribution has been determined using Minnaert's equation [M. Minnaert, On musical air bubbles and sound of running water, Philanthr. Mag. 16 (1933) 235], i.e., size of oscillating bubble is inversely related to the frequency of its volume oscillations. Decomposition of the pressure signal measured by the hydrophone in frequency domain of FFT spectrum and then inverse FFT reconstruction of the signal at each frequency level has been carried out to get the information about each of the bubble/cavity oscillation event. The number mean radius of the bubble size is calculated to be in the range of 50-80 μm and it was not found to vary much with the spatial distribution of acoustic field strength of the ultrasound processor used in the work. However, the number density of the oscillating bubbles and the nature of the distribution were found to vary in different horizontal planes away from the driving transducer surface in the ultrasonic bath. A separate set of experiments on erosion assessment studies were carried out using a thin aluminium foil, revealing a phenomena of active region of oscillating bubbles at antinodal points of the stationary waves, identical to the information provided by the acoustic emission spectra at the same location in the ultrasonic bath.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Bubble Size Distribution; Acoustic Emission Spectra; Inverse FFT Reconstruction; Stationary Waves
ID Code:39644
Deposited On:14 May 2011 10:28
Last Modified:14 May 2011 10:28

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