Phenethyl isotiocyanate modulates clastogenicity of mitomycin C and cyclophosphamide in vivo

Sen, Soumitra ; Mukherjee, Anita ; Agarwal, Kalpana ; Sharma, Archana (1966) Phenethyl isotiocyanate modulates clastogenicity of mitomycin C and cyclophosphamide in vivo Mutation Research: Genetic Toxicology, 371 (3-4). pp. 159-164. ISSN 0165-1218

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Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a constituent of many cruciferous vegetables, is an effective chemopreventive agent against N-nitrosamine-induced carcinogenesis. We have investigated the extent to which PEITC modulates the clastogenicity of standard genotoxicants, mitomycin C and cyclophosphamide, using bone marrow cells of Swiss albino mice. PEITC, 1 μmol/kg body weight in corn oil was administered by gavage for 7 consecutive days to prime the animals. 24 h later, mice received a single dose of cyclophosphamide (10 or 20 mg/kg body weight)or mitomycin C (1 or 2 mg/kg body weight) intraperitoneally. Clastogenicity of the chemicals was compared using PEITC-primed and non-primed animals 24 h after clastogen treatment. As a single agent, PEITC is not clastogenic even after 7 days of priming. Oral priming with PEITC decreased the aberrations per cell values by 22-67% in all cases. PEITC could only alleviate the clastogenicity of I mg/kg body weight mitomycin C to near-control values (p≤0.05). Although PEITC is reported to be effective against N-nitrosamine-induced tumorigenesis by preventing metabolic activation and by blocking the reactive species formed, it is virtually ineffective against the clastogenicity of cyclophosphamide. The results of inhibition by PIETC of the clastogenicity of mitomycin C suggest that the modulation of mitomycin C bio-activation contributes to, but may not be sufficient for, PIETC chemoprevention of clastogenicity by mitomycin C.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Anticlastogen; Bone Marrow Chromosome; Chemoprevention; Isothiocyanate
ID Code:38991
Deposited On:05 May 2011 13:44
Last Modified:05 May 2011 13:44

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