Transient MHD stagnation flow of a non-Newtonian fluid due to impulsive motion from rest

Kumari, M. ; Pop, I. ; Nath, G. (2010) Transient MHD stagnation flow of a non-Newtonian fluid due to impulsive motion from rest International Journal of Non-linear Mechanics, 45 (5). pp. 463-473. ISSN 0020-7462

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The transient boundary layer flow and heat transfer of a viscous incompressible electrically conducting non-Newtonian power-law fluid in a stagnation region of a two-dimensional body in the presence of an applied magnetic field have been studied when the motion is induced impulsively from rest. The non-linear partial differential equations governing the flow and heat transfer have been solved by the homotopy analysis method and by an implicit finite-difference scheme. For some cases, analytical or approximate solutions have also been obtained. The special interest are the effects of the power-law index, magnetic parameter and the generalized Prandtl number on the surface shear stress and heat transfer rate. In all cases, there is a smooth transition from the transient state to steady state. The shear stress and heat transfer rate at the surface are found to be significantly influenced by the power-law index N except for large time and they show opposite behaviour for steady and unsteady flows. The magnetic field strongly affects the surface shear stress, but its effect on the surface heat transfer rate is comparatively weak except for large time. On the other hand, the generalized Prandtl number exerts strong influence on the surface heat transfer. The skin friction coefficient and the Nusselt number decrease rapidly in a small interval 0<t<1 and reach the steady-state values for t*≥4.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Unsteady; non-Newtonian Fluid; Power-law Index; Mhd; Analytical and Numerical Solutions
ID Code:37451
Deposited On:06 Jul 2011 10:39
Last Modified:06 Jul 2011 10:39

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