On the development of magnetic fields in active regions

Bappu, M. K. V. ; Grigorjev, V. M. ; Stepanov, V. E. (1968) On the development of magnetic fields in active regions Solar Physics, 4 (4). pp. 409-421. ISSN 0038-0938

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00147906


Transverse and longitudinal magnetic field scans together with K232 spectroheliograms that cover the early phases of active region formation reveal the following:(a) The new active region forms near the periphery of an old magnetic region. There is evidence that the new region forms an interrelated system with the old magnetic structures on the sun. (b) Noticeable changes in the background magnetic field are seen nearly 3 days prior to the appearance of the sunspot. Magnetic hills of the longitudinal component appear along with bright localized K232 emission. Subsequently the K232 emission spreads along the boundary of one or two adjacent supergranules and at the time of sunspot formation occupies the whole supergranular cell. (c) Transverse fields with strengths of 100-150 gauss form closed regions in the area of the longitudinal component hills, in the very early phases of the region. These fields stretch and link up the two areas later, at which time the peak transverse fields with values near 250 gauss coincide with the zero line of the longitudinal field. When subsequently the spots appear in the new region, the transverse fields are located about the hills of the longitudinal field. The total field vectors just prior to sunspot formation are pressed to the surface. These are inclined about 45° to the surface after the spot appears. The findings indicate that the magnetic field of a new region emerges from the sub-photospheric layers. It is highly likely that the dynamics of a supergranule influences only the emergence of the magnetic field into the upper layers of the solar atmosphere.

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