Mass segregation in globular clusters

Scaria, Κ. Κ. ; Bappu, M. K. V. (1981) Mass segregation in globular clusters Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy, 2 (3). pp. 215-244. ISSN 0250-6335

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Photoelectric aperture-photometry of ω Cen in U, B, V, R and I bands has established that the cluster is bluer between 2 arcmin and 4 arcmin from the centre, than it is elsewhere. The difference in B-I colour between the centre and this blue zone is ⋍ 0.45 mag. The core radius is found to be dependant on the wavelength band chosen for observation, the smallest core radius being for the I band. Equidensitometry of ω Cen in B, V and infrared bands shows a wavelength dependence with the cluster being nearly spherical in the infrared band. It shows a maximum ellipticity around 3 arcmin from the cluster centre. The blue contribution in this zone comes from both a diffuse background of unresolved stars and an increase in the relative abundance of horizontal branch (HB) stars. The similarity between the diffuse background and the HB stars has been demonstrated. A photographic subtraction technique is used to study the distribution of HB stars in the cluster. Results of equidensitometry of the cluster 47 Tuc, obtained in the present study, are compared with the earlier results of photoelectric photometry. Here too an increase in ellipticity is associated with an increase in the blueness of the cluster. All globular clusters studied so far for ellipticity show a similarity in the dependence of the ellipticity on the distance from the centre. The ellipticity has small values near the centre and in the outer regions, with the maximum value in between. We suggest that the red stars in globular clusters have a nearly spherical distribution. The blue stars form a bulge around the core with a more elliptical distribution and a different orientation. A similarity between the ellipticity aspects of both the globular clusters and rotation in the nucleus of M 31 is pointed out; the M 31 nucleus may thus show a bluer colour and smaller UV excess around the region where the rotation curve shows a peak.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Globular Clusters; ω Centauri; Photoelectric Photometry of Globular Clusters; Equidensitometry; Horizontal Branch Stars
ID Code:37417
Deposited On:23 Apr 2011 09:51
Last Modified:17 May 2016 20:20

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