Heterogeneity in buffalo pituitary prolactin

Khurana, Sudha ; Muralidhar, K. (1997) Heterogeneity in buffalo pituitary prolactin Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 173 (1-2). pp. 1-15. ISSN 0300-8177

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/p771577v141v81...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1006834113682


The Ellis procedure of serial extraction of gonadotropins and growth hormone (GH) followed by alkaline ethanol extraction was adopted to process freshly frozen buffalo pituitaries. The procedure after slight modification was found very useful as more than 2 mg of GH free immunoreactive prolactin(PRL) could be isolated from each gram of wet pituitary tissue. Further, the biochemical purity and immunobiological potency of the extracted PRL,designated as P-I, was comparable with that of the highly purified samples of homologous and heterologous PRLs. No non-PRL protein was detectable in P-I. Micro-heterogeneity with regard to size, charge, co- and post-translational modifications was also investigated under different conditions of extraction and at different stages of purification.Immunological and biological potencies were compared in homologous competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) developed for buffalo PRL and in rat Nb2 lymphoma proliferation assay respectively. Structural heterogeneity was observed in all the preparations checked including fresh pituitary homogenate and highly purified hormone. Nevertheless a 25 Kspecies corresponding to the hormone monomer was always the only paramount form comprising more than 90% of the total PRL protein in all the samples including P-I. Similar size forms were observed in all preparations and were found to be equivalents of monomers, dimers, covalent-and non-covalent multimers, disulphide bridged forms and cleaved fragments.Other sibling species identified were glycosylated PRL, charge isoforms and forms that perhaps differed in their extractability from the pituitary tissue. Strong apparent size heterogeneity was displayed by the monomeric buffalo PRL. In light of these observations and the information on the structural and functional significance and the consequences of polymeric forms, the use of a heterogeneous PRL (P-I) as a reference hormone is recommended for a valid assay.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:Buffalo; Pituitary; Prolactin; Heterogeneity; Homologous ELISA
ID Code:36356
Deposited On:14 Apr 2011 14:07
Last Modified:14 Apr 2011 14:07

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