Embryology of the Dipsacaceae. I. Glands, the male and female gametophytes

Razi, B. A. ; Subramanyam, K. (1952) Embryology of the Dipsacaceae. I. Glands, the male and female gametophytes Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B, 36 (6). pp. 249-257. ISSN 0370-0097

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Official URL: http://www.ias.ac.in/j_archive/procb/36/vol36conte...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03050470


A comparative account of some aspects of the embryology in three members of the Dipsacaceae,viz., Dipsacus leschenaultii, scabiosa caucasica and cephalaria ambrosioides is presented. In all the three species the flowers are borne on globose capitula. In cephalaria the outermost flowers in the capitula are functionally male, since the ovule does not develop beyond the initial stages. The wall of the anther is made up of the epidermis, endothecium, middle layer and tapetum. The cells of the tapetum soon become multinucleate and at a later stage form a periplasmodium. The mature pollen grain is tricolpate with a tube nucleus and two male cells. In the pendulous tenuinucellate ovule the vascular strand traverses the single massive integument right up to the micropylar end of the ovule. The hypodermal archesporium directly functions as the megaspore mother cell. Double megaspore mother cells are found in Scabiosa and cephalaria, and double dyads are seen in the latter. Megasporogenesis proceeds normally and the development of the embryo sac follows the polygonum type. The antipodals are organised as cells and in cephalaria they become binucleate. Surrounding the narrow chalazal end of the embryo sac there is a prominent radiating tissue.

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