Heterogeneity of rat liver mitochondrial fractions and the effect of tri-iodothyronine on their protein turnover

Katyare, S. S. ; Fatterpaker, P. ; Sreenivasan, A. (1970) Heterogeneity of rat liver mitochondrial fractions and the effect of tri-iodothyronine on their protein turnover Biochemical Journal, 118 . pp. 111-121. ISSN 0264-6021

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL: http://www.biochemj.org/bj/118/bj1180111.htm


1. Rat liver mitochondria were separated into heavy, light and fluffy fractions by differential centrifugation under standard conditions. 2. All mitochondrial fractions possessed soluble as well as membrane-bound enzymes typical of mitochondria. 3. The heavy fraction represented the stable mitochondrial structures and the fluffy particles appear to be loosely coupled. 4. The light mitochondrial fraction lacked the ability of coupled phosphorylation. 5. A study of mobility and isoelectric pH indicated a similarity in the basic membrane structure of all the mitochondrial fractions. 6. The turnover rates of proteins in the heavy and fluffy particles were almost identical; however, this rate was rapid for the light mitochondrial fraction. 7. On treatment with 3,3',5-tri-iodo-l-thyronine, succinoxidase activity was maximally stimulated much earlier in the light mitochondrial fraction than in the heavy fraction. The activity of the fluffy particles, however, remained almost unaffected. 8. Malate dehydrogenase activity in all the mitochondrial fractions was stimulated only at 40h after tri-iodothyronine treatment. 9. The pattern of incorporation of DL-[1-14C]leucine in vivo in the tri-iodothyronine-treated animals indicated a rapid initial incorporation and high synthetic ability of the light mitochondrial fraction. 10. The turnover pattern of proteins of the mitochondrial fractions from animals receiving repeated doses of tri-iodothyronine was remarkably different from the normal pattern and suggested that preformed soluble protein units may be incorporated in the light mitochondrial fraction during maturation to form the stable heavy mitochondria. 11. The amount of light-mitochondrial proteins decreased by 40% on thyroidectomy and increased by 160% on treatment with tri-iodothyronine. 12. The possible significance of these results is discussed in relation to mitochondrial genesis.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Portland Press.
ID Code:35643
Deposited On:21 Apr 2011 13:37
Last Modified:17 May 2016 18:36

Repository Staff Only: item control page