Shell model of the nickel isotopes

Cohen, S. ; Lawson, R. D. ; Macfarlane, M. H. ; Pandya, S. P. ; Soga, Michitoshi (1967) Shell model of the nickel isotopes Physical Review, 160 (4). pp. 903-915. ISSN 0031-899X

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The isotopes of nickel are described by a shell model within the identical-nucleon configurations (2p3/2, 1f5/2, 2p1/2)n. A least-squares fit to observed level energies yields an effective interaction which satisfactorily reproduces the level structure of the Ni isotopes from Ni58 to Ni65. This best-fit interaction is shown to indicate repulsive interactions between identical-nucleon shells and to conserve seniority to a useful degree of approximation. The interaction matrix elements are in fair agreement with those of an approximate reaction matrix computed by Kuo from Hamada and Johnston's free-nucleon interaction, this agreement being obtained only when core polarization is taken into account. Moments and transitions also show the strong influence of core excitation. Observed quadrupole moments and E2 transition rates are adequately reproduced with an effective neutron charge of between 1.5e and 2e; in particular, the observed inhibition of the crossover ground-state decay of the second 2+(22+) states of Ni60 and Ni62 is reproduced with 22+ wave functions for which a two-phonon vibrational description is clearly incorrect. It is shown that the original model cannot account for the large deviations of observed magnetic moments from the Schmidt values, nor for the observed spreading of stripping strength into a given orbit over several states of the residual nucleus. To account for these, it is necessary to introduce effective transition operators, strongly modified by the influence of neglected configurations.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
ID Code:35506
Deposited On:11 Apr 2011 10:42
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