A new approach to repulsion in ionic crystals

Narayan, R. ; Ramaseshan, S. (1976) A new approach to repulsion in ionic crystals Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 37 (4). 395-402 . ISSN 0022-3697

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/002236...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(76)90020-2


An empirical approach is attempted to make the repulsion potential of ions in an ionic crystal structure independent and crystal independent so that once the repulsion parameters for an ion are evaluated in one compound, in one structure, they could be used for that ion in any crystal. The repulsion between ions is postulated to be due to the increase in the internal energy of the ions arising from the distortion and the compression at the points of contact with their neighbors. Using an exponential form for the compression energy involving two parameters per ion, a repulsion potential for ionic crystals is proposed which includes the repulsion between nearest and next nearest neighbors. The repulsion parameters for the alkali and halogen ions have been determined to fit the behavior of 20 alkali halides over the pressure range 0–45 kbars. The r.m.s. percentage deviations from experiment, of the calculated values of lattice spacing and compressibility are respectively 0.997% and 6.76%. The calculated radii of the ions in the various compounds compare well with the experimental values deduced from electron density maps. The advantages of the present form of the repulsion potential over earlier forms are discussed.

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