A solar flare type increase in cosmic rays at low latitudes

Sarabhai, V. ; Duggal, S. P. ; Razdan, H. ; Sastry, T. S. G. (1956) A solar flare type increase in cosmic rays at low latitudes Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Mathematical Sciences, 43 (5). pp. 309-318. ISSN 0253-4142

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Official URL: http://www.ias.ac.in/j_archive/proca/43/5/309-318/...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03052617


During the hour following the big solar flare on 23-2-1956, an average increase of +5.7 ± 0.8% has been observed in meson intensity measured with standard telescopes at Ahmedabad, Kodaikanal and Trivandrum. This is the first report of a significant solar flare type increase in cosmic rays near the geomagnetic equator. If the increase is due to solar protons travelling in approximately direct paths, the energy of the protous must extend from about 35-67.5 Bev. It is estimated that the average flux of such protons is approximately equal to 1.5 times the flux of general cosmic ray intensity in the same energy range. During the hour, the sun is estimated to have emitted more than 1028 protons of about 50 Bev energy.

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