Evolution and decay of spherical and cylindrical N waves

Sachdev, P. L. ; Tikekar, V. G. ; Nair, K. R. C. (1986) Evolution and decay of spherical and cylindrical N waves Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 172 . pp. 347-371. ISSN 0022-1120

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112086001775


The Burgers equation, in spherical and cylindrical symmetries, is studied numerically using pseudospectral and implicit finite difference methods, starting from discontinuous initial (N wave) conditions. The study spans long and varied regimes–embryonic shock, Taylor shock, thick evolutionary shock, and (linear) old age. The initial steep-shock regime is covered by the more accurate pseudospectral approach, while the later smooth regime is conveniently handled by the (relatively inexpensive) implicit scheme. We also give some analytic results for both spherically and cylindrically symmetric cases. The analytic forms of the Reynolds number are found. These give results in close agreement with those found from the numerical solutions. The terminal (old age) solutions are also completely determined. Our analysis supplements that of Crighton & Scott (1979) who used a matched asymptotic approach. They found analytic solutions in the embryonic-shock and the Taylor-shock regions for all geometries, and in the evolutionary-shock region, leading to old age, for the spherically symmetric case. The numerical solution of Sachdev & Seebass (1973) is updated in a comprehensive manner; in particular, the embryonic-shock regime and the old-age solution missed by their study are given in detail. We also study numerically the non-planar equation in the form for which the viscous term has a variable coefficient. It is shown that the numerical methods used in the present study are sufficiently versatile to tackle initial-value problems for generalized Burgers equations.

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