Seasonal changes in auxin effects on rooting of stem cuttings of Populus nigra and its relationship with mobilization of starch

Nanda, K. K. ; Anand, V. K. (1970) Seasonal changes in auxin effects on rooting of stem cuttings of Populus nigra and its relationship with mobilization of starch Physiologia Plantarum, 23 (1). pp. 99-107. ISSN 0031-9317

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Stem cuttings of Populus nigra were treated with 10 and 100 mg/1 each of IAA., IBA, 2,4-D and NAA at one month intervals and observations were recorded for the morphophysiological status of the branches, their starch content and their rooting response. — The first phase characterized by delayed, short and scarce roots and the high starch content of cuttings coincided with the onset of winter dormancy in November lasting through February. It was followed by a phase of vigorous rooting and low starch content of cuttings coinciding with the renovation of growth activity in February lasting through October, except in April and May when rooting was more or less completely nullified. — The poor rooting in winter was caused by low activity of hydrolyzing enzymes not mobilizing starch into soluble sugars; and profuse rooting during active growth period by high activity of hydrolyzing enzymes caused by endogenous auxin, resulting in mobilization of reserved food materials necessary for the initiation and development of roots. The low rooting in April and May is ascribed to the fact that bulk of the mobilized food was used up in the growth of sprouted branches leaving very little for rooting when these cuttings were planted. — The seasonal changes in the effectiveness of exogenously applied auxins also appear to be related with the level of endogenous auxin. In June endogenous auxin was high due to high meristematic activity, the exogenously applied auxins raising it to supra-optimal levels that were inhibitory. On the other hand, in October exogenously applied auxins enhanced rooting by raising it to an optimal level as the production of endogenous auxin had been decreasing gradually due to lowering temperatures. — The results demonstrate that auxin effect on differential rooting with season in this plant is determined by the physio-morphological status of the branches that govern the production of endogenous auxin and is mediated primarily through its effect on mobilization of reserve food materials caused by enhanced activity of hydrolytic enzymes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
ID Code:33115
Deposited On:05 Apr 2011 07:11
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