Some aspects of the mechanism of thermal acclimation in the earthworm Lampito mauritii

Saroja, K. ; Rao, Kandula Pampapathi (1965) Some aspects of the mechanism of thermal acclimation in the earthworm Lampito mauritii Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, 50 (1). pp. 35-54. ISSN 0340-7594

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Inorganic ions (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Cl, SO4) and free amino acids of the body fluids of the normal, cold and warm acclimated worms (laboratory as well as seasonal populations) are estimated. Calcium increased and chloride and sodium decreased on both cold and warm acclimation in relation to normal. But magnesium and sulphate and free amino acids increased on warm acclimation whereas potassium increased and magnesium decreased on cold acclimation. Changes in different ions in the same direction are observed in the seasonal populations. Attention is drawn to the adaptive significance of these changes in the different ions during thermal acclimation. Changes in the glycogen, RNA, protein and non-protein nitrogen, and water content in the tissues of normal and acclimated worms are studied. Glycogen increased on warm and cold acclimation, whereas RNA content, protein nitrogen and dry weight of the cold worms increased over normal. No change is observed in non-protein nitrogen on thermal acclimation. The role of these substances and the significance of the changes observed, in the operation of homeostatic mechanism compensating to temperature changes in the metabolic rate of the worms, are also discussed. Changes in the pattern of neurosecretory activity are followed with thermal acclimation and it is shown that the activity of the neurosecretory cells increased on cold and warm acclimation, but the positions of these cells, which are active, are different from normal worms in warm acclimated worms. Studies on the effect of the body fluids of acclimated worms on the tissues of normal and acclimated worms showed that the body fluids of cold acclimated worms increased the respiration of the tissues of normal and warm acclimated worms and vice-versa.

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ID Code:33002
Deposited On:05 Jul 2011 11:59
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