Seasonal culture of dormant reproductive buds of Salix tetrasperma: analysis of the flowering process

Angrish, Rajiv ; Nanda, K. K. (1981) Seasonal culture of dormant reproductive buds of Salix tetrasperma: analysis of the flowering process Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 1 (1). pp. 181-193. ISSN 0167-6857

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The flowering process in a female tree of Salix tetrasperma was analysed by culturing its reproductive buds at different developmental stages during the dormant period on a chemically defined medium and examining the nature of sprouts produced by them. Buds at the upper eight nodes of the actively growing shoots developing in an acropetal sequence were cultured in separate lots. While all the buds collected from the 1st and 2nd nodes of the branches from the top downwards were vegetative and produced shoots, a considerable number of those collected from the 3rd and 4th nodes were reproductively determined and produced catkins. All the buds obtained from the 5th node and below were reproductive. Reproductive buds were cultured at regular time intervals during the dormant period. Freshly formed buds cultured in March during the spring growth flush produced catkins and were therefore reproductively determined. However, such a determination was not tantamount to flowering, as the floral meristems present in the axils of catkin bracts remained quiescent. Floral meristems of the buds cultured during April to August developed into small vegetative shoots. This was followed by the crucial period during September to December when the hitherto vegetative sprouts of the floral meristems showed a gradual transition into ovaries (female flowers) resulting in fertile catkins. Catkins produced from buds cultured in January and February produced well-developed ovaries.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:Salix; Dormant Reproductive Buds; In Vitro Culture; Flowering Process
ID Code:32978
Deposited On:06 Apr 2011 06:02
Last Modified:14 Apr 2011 14:22

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