A quantitative evaluation of inter-varietal hybrids of Brassica campestris L.

Devarathinam, A. A. ; Arunachalam, V. ; Murty, B. R. (1976) A quantitative evaluation of inter-varietal hybrids of Brassica campestris L. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics , 48 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0040-5752

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/xj46k8167362v3...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00282404


A quantitative evaluation of yield components was carried out in 150 inter-varietal hybrids of Brassica campestris using five each of the three varieties, brown sarson (BS), yellow sarson (YS) and toria (TR). The results showed both additive and non-additive gene action for plant height, number of primary and secondary branches and number of siliquae on the main axis in all the six cross combinations BS-YS, YS-BS, BS-TR, TR-BS, YS-TR and TR-YS. The general combining abilities of BS, YS and TR indicated that their nature and magnitude depended largely on the other parents which entered the hybrids. There were differences in combining ability between direct and reciprocal combinations. GBS II, Kanpur Lotni 17, Kanpur Lotni 27 and DS 17D in BS, IB 3, IB 5, IB 6 and BP 12 in YS, and T 165, T 244 and T 1842 in TR were identified as potential parents for inter-varietal hybridisation. Reciprocal effects were found when BS or YS was used as parent and they were least when TR was used as a parent. The amount and degree of heterosis was substantial in inter-varietal crosses. Based on the heterosis-combining ability relationship, the role of inter-varietal hybridisation in population improvement of Brassica campestris is discussed. A number of methods of utilising the inter-varietal hybrids in multiple crosses and synthetic complexes is suggested as potential supplements to population breeding in this crop.

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