Combining ability and maternal effects in Brassica campestris L. var. 'yellow sarson'

Singh, J. N. ; Murty, B. R. (1980) Combining ability and maternal effects in Brassica campestris L. var. 'yellow sarson' TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 56 (6). pp. 265-272. ISSN 0040-5752

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A diallel analysis of combining ability, including maternal effects, genotype X environment interaction and the progress under selection, is reported in three selected crosses of Brassica campestris L. var. 'yellow sarson', involving 15 types, including 10 four-valved and 5 two-valved types from different parts of India. Twelve characters, including oil content, were studied in the F1 generation. The investigation has revealed only marginal superiority of F1's over the parents for most of the characters related to yield. There was no relation between heterozygosity and stability of performance over environments for yield or its components or for oil content. Substantial maternal effects were observed which also interacted with environments. Creation of variation for primary and secondary branches would be essential for changing yield level in yellow sarson. The presence of limited additive variation available for selection for yield components should be augmented by biparental mating the early segregating generations to break linkages, and was demonstrated by the recombinants obtained when this method was adopted. The magnitude of genotype - environment interactions in this study, as compared with the total genetic components for yield, oil content, number of siliquae on main axis and presence of large reciprocal variances in relation to general and specific combining ability variances for practically all characters, and the large interaction of σ2r, narrowed down the expected effectiveness of selection. Biparental mating in the three best crosses yielded three new recombinants outyielding the best check T 10 by the margins of 14%, 39% and 15%, respectively, in the yield trial. These recombinants had more primary branches and secondary branches, larger main axes and more siliquae with an increased number of seeds per siliqua, than any of the F1's in this study.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:'Yellow Sarson'; Oleiferous Brassica; Biparental Mating; Combining Ability; Reciprocal Effects; Maternal Effects; Genotype-environment Interactions
ID Code:32925
Deposited On:30 Mar 2011 13:09
Last Modified:11 May 2011 09:09

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