Electromagnetic level-shift and effect of radiation field

Kothari, D. S. ; Auluck, F. C. (1948) Electromagnetic level-shift and effect of radiation field Nature, 162 . p. 143. ISSN 0028-0836

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v162/n4108/ab...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/162143b0


The brilliant experiment of Lamb and Retherford1 has conclusively demonstrated that in the hydrogen atom the 2S-level is higher than the 2P½-level by about 10 megacycles, a result which reveals a breakdown of the Dirac equation of the electron when applied even to the simplest of the atoms. In a fundamental paper, Bethe2 has given an explanation of the observed level-shift on the assumption that the transverse self-energy of the electron, in general, depends on the state in which the electron is.

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