Morphogenesis of the fetal membranes of an American mole, Scalopus aquaticus

Prasad, M. R. N. ; Mossman, H. W. (1979) Morphogenesis of the fetal membranes of an American mole, Scalopus aquaticus Developmental Dynamics, 155 (1). pp. 31-67. ISSN 1058-8388

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Scalopus membranes are characterized by: Superficial nidation; antimesometrial orientation of the embryonic disc; amniogenesis by folding; an extensive but transitory choriovitelline placenta; a large yolk sac with late and incomplete inversion; large persistent allantoic vesicle; a very broad, thin, villous, epitheliochorial chorioallantoic placenta of annular shape interrupted mesometrially, dotted with numerous areolae, and bordered by a non-villous sparsely vascular chorioallantoic membrane connected with the persistent bilaminar omphalopleure by a very narrow rim of chorion. There is no decidua. Electron microscopy shows that at 8 mm, CR, (limb bud embryo) the uterine epithelium of the interhemal membrane may be 0.5 μm or less in thickness, but that it shows no signs of degeneration. Trophoblastic microvilli often penetrate the epithelium to within 0.2 μm of its base. At this time there is active secretion by the uterine glands, and cellular hypertrophy and cytolysis of the epithelium at the gland mouths, with active phagocytosis by the areolar cytotrophoblast. The occurrence of absorptive areolae in an insectivore emphasizes the probable primitiveness of this widely distributed placental mechanism. In spite of similarities of the yolk sac to that of rabbits and rodents, the bilaminar omphalopleure produces no invasive trophoblastic giant cells. The definitive membranes of Parascalops breweri and Scapanus latimanus are like those of Scalopus. The placentae of Talpa europaea, Condylura cristata, and Neurotrichus gibbsii are discoid and relatively much smaller, thicker and more complex in internal structure. There is some reason to believe that the fetal membrane systems of moles and shrews (Soricoidea) are more like those of the ancestral mammalian stock than are those of any other recent eutherians.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
ID Code:31979
Deposited On:24 May 2011 15:10
Last Modified:24 May 2011 15:10

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