Separation theorems

Mitra, Sujit Kumar (1994) Separation theorems Linear Algebra and its Applications, 208-209 . pp. 239-256. ISSN 0024-3795

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Consider a matrix A of order m×n defined on a field F. Let x and y be vectors in the column spans of A and A' respectively. The vectors x and y are said to be separable if A admits a partition into disjoint matrices of the same order (A=A1⊕A2) such that x belongs to the column span of A2 and y to that of A'. Additional conditions imposed on A1 and A2 reflect stronger shades of separability or of inseparability. For complex matrices, star separability is one such instance. Necessary and sufficient conditions are obtained for separability and star separability of the pair (x, y). An EP matrix and its transpose (conjugate transpose in the complex case) have the same column span. It is shown that in the class of EP matrices, the separability of the pair (x, x) for every x in the column span of the matrix characterizes the skew symmetric matrices, and in the class of complex EP matrices, inseparability of similar pairs characterizes the almost definite matrices of Duffin and Morley.

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