Effect of temperature, pressure and additives on pyrolysis of polystyrene peroxide

Kishore, K. ; Ravindran, K. (1983) Effect of temperature, pressure and additives on pyrolysis of polystyrene peroxide Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 5 (4). pp. 363-370. ISSN 0165-2370

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/016523...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(83)80036-9


Some aspects of the pyrolysis of polystyrene peroxide (PSP) have been examined. Low-temperature decomposition studies at 60°C and 70°C have been carried out to elucidate the ageing behaviour of PSP. The exothermic decomposition was found to be complete in 44 h at 70°C suggesting that all peroxide bonds have broken. Enthalpy measurements of the aged samples were carried out as a function of storage time. Ageing was also followed by infrared spectroscopy, and the intensity of the peroxide absorption around 1050 cm−1 was found to decrease with ageing time. Benzaldehyde formed as a result of PSP pyrolysis is readily converted into benzoic acid, which crystallizes during the ageing process. Pyrolysis-gas chromatographic studies have shown that up to 450°C the basic decomposition mechanism (i.e., the formation of benzaldehyde and formaldehyde as the major products) does not change. No effect of pressure on the decomposition exotherm in differential thermal analysis was observed, suggesting that peroxide composition involves only condensed phase reactions. Hydroquinone, p-aminophenol and cadmium sulphide were found to retard the thermal decomposition of PSP, suggesting that these compounds would be potential antioxidants for polymers.

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