Polyethylene stibinite phosphate esters: novel flame-retardant plasticizers for PVC

Kannan, P. ; Kishore, K. (1997) Polyethylene stibinite phosphate esters: novel flame-retardant plasticizers for PVC European Polymer Journal, 33 (10-12). 1799-1803 . ISSN 0014-3057

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00143...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-3057(97)00061-X


A new series of multielement flame-retardant plasticizers containing polyethylene stibinite phosphate esters have been prepared by bulk polymerization from ethylene glycol with various antimony (III) aryloxydichlorides and arylphosphorodichloridates possessing various combinations of substituent [Cl,Br,NO2]. All the polymers are pink-coloured viscous fluids. They were characterized by inherent viscosity, density, IR, 1H, 13C and 31P NMR spectroscopy. The thermal behaviour of the polymers was compared by thermogravimetric analysis and correlated with their structures. The flammability studies were carried out by the limiting oxygen index test. The polymers containing P, Sb, N and Br elements in their backbone show superior thermal- and flame-retardant characteristics than the other polymers. A comparative study was carried out with one of the synthesized polymers as a polymeric flame-retardant additive to plasticized PVC. The results showed improved LOI and mechanical properties to that of the conventional flame-retardant additive composition.

Item Type:Article
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ID Code:31834
Deposited On:19 Mar 2011 12:23
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