Structural effects on the vaporization of high molecular weight esters

Kishore, K. ; Shobha, H. K. ; Mattamal, G. J. (1990) Structural effects on the vaporization of high molecular weight esters Journal of Physical Chemistry, 94 (4). pp. 1642-1648. ISSN 0022-3654

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To understand the effect of molecular weight and branching on the heats of vaporization (AH,) and their flow behavior, AH, and viscosity (7) were measured at different temperatures in the high molecular weight ester series: linear flexible di-n-alkyl sebacates and compact branched triglycerides with molecular weight ranging from 300 to 900. AHv" values (AHv corrected to 298 K) have been obtained with experimental AH, and also computed according to the group additivity method; a smaller-CH,- group value of 3.8 kJ mol-' compared to the normal value of 5.0 kJ mol-' is found to give good agreement with the experimental data (within 2-5% error). Both ester series have the same AH," irrespective of their molecular features, namely,shape, flexibility, and polarity, suggesting the coiling of the molecules during vaporization. The segmental motion of these ester series during their flow and its dependence on their molecular features unlike AH,' are demonstrated by the correlation of the enthalpy of activation for viscous flow (AH*) and the ratio AE,/AH* = n (AE, is the energy of vaporization) with molecular weight.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:31816
Deposited On:19 Mar 2011 10:39
Last Modified:10 Jun 2011 06:31

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