Complementation of soluble phosphofructokinase activity in yeast mutants

Gayatri, Archana G. ; Maitra, Pabitra K. (1991) Complementation of soluble phosphofructokinase activity in yeast mutants European Journal of Biochemistry, 200 (1). pp. 149-155. ISSN 0014-2956

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We describe here the genetic and biochemical analyses of two classes of mutations in the soluble phosphofructokinase (PFK I) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: those leading to the loss of activity and those giving rise to a kinetically altered enzyme. Complementation and allele-testing between these two classes of mutants show that loss of enzyme activity in vitro can come about not only by mutations in the catalytic subunit but also in the regulatory subunit. Also, a mutation in the catalytic subunit can give rise to an enzyme altered in its kinetic properties in a manner phenomenologically similar to that caused by a mutation in the regulatory subunit. The results of the complementation studies in diploids suggest that, in spite of their distinct functions, both the subunits are essential for activity to be detected in vitro. This is confirmed by the reconstitution of an active PFK I enzyme by mixing cell-free extracts of two complementing parents, each of which lacks the enzyme activity. PFK activity appears in the mixture, reaching a maximum value of 60–100% of that of the diploid in 15–30 min at 24°C. Unlike the catalytic subunit which exists in various multimeric states in cell-free extracts of the mutant bearing only this subunit, the regulatory subunit exists largely as a monomer in a mutant devoid of the catalytic subunit. The reconstituted enzyme, however, is indistinguishable from that of the wild type, as analysed by sedimentation studies and Western blot analysis, demonstrating that only the heteromeric complex of the two subunits is active, while neither of the individual subunits displays activity in vitro.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
ID Code:31408
Deposited On:25 Apr 2011 09:30
Last Modified:17 May 2016 14:03

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