Structural pattern and strain history of a superposed fold system in the Precambrian of Central Rajasthan, India. I. Structural pattern in the 'main Raialo syncline', Central Rajasthan

Naha, K. ; Halyburton, R. V. (1977) Structural pattern and strain history of a superposed fold system in the Precambrian of Central Rajasthan, India. I. Structural pattern in the 'main Raialo syncline', Central Rajasthan Precambrian Research, 4 (1). pp. 39-84. ISSN 0301-9268

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/030192...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(77)90011-0

Abstract

Marble, calc-silicate rock, quartzite and mica schist of Precambrian age in the 'main Raialo syncline' in the Udaipur district of central Rajasthan, India, have been affected by folding of four main generations (F1–F4), the first two of which are seen in the scale of map to microsection. The very tight to isoclinal F1 folds with long limbs and thickened hinges are generally reclined or inclined, and plunge gently castward or westward where least reoriented. The axial planes of the F1 folds have been involved in upright warps on east-west axes (F1'), nearly coaxial with the F1 folds, in some sectors. These folds have been overprinted by upright F2 folding of varying tightness with the axial planes striking north to northeast, resulting in interference patterns of different types in all scales. A penetrative axial plane foliation related to F1 folding and a crenulation cleavage parallel to the F2 axial pianes are seen in the micaceous rocks. Two sets of conjugate folds and kink bands of smail scale have been superimposed on the F1–F2 folds in thinly foliated rocks. The first of these sets (F3) has its conjugate axial planes dipping gently northeast and southwest, whereas the paired axial planes of the later set (F4) are vertical with north-northwest and east-west strikes.

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