Cretaceous isochron ages from K-Ar and 40Ar / 39Ar dating of eclogitic rocks in the Tso Morari Complex, Western Himalaya, India

Gouzu, Chitaro ; Itaya, Tetsumaru ; Hyodo, Hironobu ; Ahmad, Talat (2006) Cretaceous isochron ages from K-Ar and 40Ar / 39Ar dating of eclogitic rocks in the Tso Morari Complex, Western Himalaya, India Gondwana Research, 9 (4). pp. 426-440. ISSN 1342-937X

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The Tso Morari Complex, which is thought to be originally the margin of the Indian continent, is composed of pelitic gneisses and schists including mafic rock lenses (eclogites and basic schists). Eclogites studied here have the mineral assemblage Grt + Omp + Ca-Amp + Zo + Phn + Pg + Qtz + Rt. They also have coesite pseudomorph in garnet and quartz rods in omphacite, suggesting a record of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. They occur only in the cores of meter-scale mafic rock lenses intercalated with the pelitic schists. Small mafic lenses and the rim parts of large lenses have been strongly deformed to form the foliation parallel to that of the pelitic schists and show the mineral assemblages of upper greenschist to amphibolite facies metamorphism. The garnet-omphacite thermometry and the univariant reaction relations for jadeite formation give 13-21 kbar at 600 °C and 16-18 kbar at 750 °C for the eclogite formation using the jadeite content of clinopyroxene (XJd = 0.48). Phengites in pelitic schists show variable Si / Al and Na / K ratios among grains as well as within single grains, and give K-Ar ages of 50-87 Ma. The pelitic schist with paragonite and phengite yielded K-Ar ages of 83.5 Ma (K = 4.9 wt.%) for paragonite-phengite mixture and 85.3 Ma (K = 7.8 wt.%) for phengite and an isochron age of 91 ± 13 Ma from the two dataset. The eclogite gives a plateau age of 132 Ma in Ar/Ar step-heating analyses using single phengite grain and an inverse isochron age of 130 ± 39 Ma with an initial 40Ar / 36Ar ratio of 434 ± 90 in Ar/Ar spot analyses of phengites and paragonites. The Cretaceous isochron ages are interpreted to represent the timing of early stage of exhumation of the eclogitic rocks assuming revised high closure temperature (500 °C) for phengite K-Ar system. The phengites in pelitic schists have experienced retrograde reaction which modified their chemistry during intense deformation associated with the exhumation of these rocks with the release of significant radiogenic 40Ar from the crystals. The argon release took place in the schists that experienced the retrogression to upper greenschist facies metamorphisms from the eclogite facies conditions.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:UHP Rocks; Tso Morari Complex; Himalaya; P-T-t History; K-Ar System Age
ID Code:311
Deposited On:20 Sep 2010 08:39
Last Modified:05 Jan 2011 03:39

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