The occurrence and inheritance of purple anthers in sorghum

Rangaswami Ayyangar, G. N. ; Panduranga Rao, V. ; Venkataramana Reddy, T. (1938) The occurrence and inheritance of purple anthers in sorghum Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B, 8 (4). pp. 317-323. ISSN 0370-0097

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Anthocyanic purple pigment expresses itself in the sorghum plant in various places and at various times. This occurrence could be grouped into specific chains of manifestation. The anther is rarely coloured purple. When it is so coloured, it is one among the following ten places in its chain: plumule, nodal band, axil, auricular junction, leaf-sheath margin, pulvinus of the panicle branches, pedicelled spikelets, glume tips, exposed roots and pericarp of the grain at milky stage. The expression of this purple in freshly emerging anthers is noted in some races of cultivated sorghum, East African and Nigerian in origin, belonging to the groups S. caudatum, S. coriaceum, S. nigricans, S. elegans, S. Roxburghii, and S. conspicuum. Purple in the anthers occurs in the wild sorghums S. halepense of the Eu-Sorghum group, andS. versicolor, S. dimidiatum and S. purpureo- sericeum of the Para-Sorghum group. A gene designated Pan is responsible for this expression of purple in the anther. In its absence (Pan) the anther is of the ordinary yellow colour. Pan is a simple dominant to Pan in crosses between African races. Factor Pan behaves in inheritance independently of one of the B factors determining the brown colour of the grain of the Q factor conditioning the colour of the leaf-sheath and of the factor responsible for the production of brown colour in the nucellar layer of the grain. The occurrence of this dominant gene along with other similar dominant pigment genes in African races and their disappearance in the Indian and other Asiatic races throws light on the origin and evolution of cultivated sorghums.

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