DNA binding and cleavage activity of [Ru(NH3)4(diimine)]Cl2 complexes

Maheswari, Palanisamy Uma ; Palaniandavar, Mallayan (2004) DNA binding and cleavage activity of [Ru(NH3)4(diimine)]Cl2 complexes Inorganica Chimica Acta, 357 (4). pp. 901-912. ISSN 0020-1693

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00201...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ica.2003.07.010


The interaction of a series of mixed ligand complexes of the type [Ru(NH3)4(diimine)]Cl2, where diimine=2,2'-bipyridine (bipy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 5,6-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (5,6-dmp), 4,7-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (4,7-dmp), 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (2,9-dmp), 3,4,7,8-tetra-methyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Me4phen), with calf thymus DNA has been studied using absorption, emission and circular dichroic spectral measurements and viscometry and electrochemical techniques. On interaction with DNA the complexes show hypochromism and red-shift in their MLCT band suggesting that the complexes bind to DNA. The magnitude of the binding constant (Kb) obtained from absorption spectral titration varies depending upon the nature of the diimine ligand: Me4phen > 5,6-dmp > 4,7-dmp > phen suggesting the use of diimine 'face' of the octahedral complexes in binding to DNA. The interaction of phen complex possibly involves phen ring partially inserted into the DNA base pairs. In contrast, the methyl-substituted phen complexes would involve hydrophobic interaction of the phen ring in the grooves of DNA, which is supported by hydrogen bonding interactions of the ammonia ligands with the intrastrand nucleobases. Also the shape and size of the phen ligand as modified by the methyl substituents determine the DNA binding site sizes (0.12-0.45 base pairs). The relative emission intensities (I/I0) of the DNA-bound complexes parallel the variation in Kb values. Almost all the metal complexes exhibit induced CD bands on binding to B DNA, with the 4,7-dmp and Me4phen complexes inducing certain structural modifications on the biopolymer. DNA melting curves obtained in the presence of metal complexes reveal a monophasic melting of the DNA strands, the Me4phen complex exhibiting a slightly enhanced tendency to stabilize the double-stranded DNA. There were slight to appreciable changes in the relative viscosities of DNA, which are consistent with enhanced hydrophobic interaction of the methyl-substituted phen rings. Upon interaction with CT DNA, the Me4phen, 4,7-dmp and 5,6-dmp complexes, in contrast to bipy, phen and 2,9-dmp complexes, show a decrease in anodic peak current in their cyclic voltammograms suggesting that they exhibit enhanced DNA binding. DNA cleavage experiments show that all the complexes induce cleavage of pBR322 plasmid DNA, the Me4phen and 5,6-dmp complexes being remarkably more efficient than other complexes. A series of mixed ligand complexes of the type [Ru(NH3)4(diimine)]Cl2 has been interacted with CT DNA. Of these complexes the Me4phen complex exhibits the strongest binding, which involves predominantly hydrophobic interaction of the diimine with CT DNA, supported by hydrogen bonding of ammonia co-ligands with the intrastrand nucleobases. On incubation with supercoiled pBR322 plasmid DNA the Me4phen and 5,6-dmp complexes induce the most efficient DNA cleavage.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:DNA Binding; Mixed Ligand Ru(II) Complexes; Diimine Ligands; Plasmid DNA Cleavage; Hydrogen Bonding; Electrochemistry
ID Code:30903
Deposited On:27 Dec 2010 07:43
Last Modified:05 Mar 2011 05:53

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