Observation of second sound in bismuth

Narayanamurti, V. ; Dynes, R. C. (1972) Observation of second sound in bismuth Physical Review Letters, 28 (22). pp. 1461-1465. ISSN 0031-9007

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Official URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.28.146...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.28.1461


We have observed the transition from ballistic to second sound to diffusive propagation of heat (phonon) pulses in the semimetal bismuth in the temperature range of 1.2 to 4.0 K. The saturated second-sound velocity is found to be independent of orientation and has a a value of (0.78±0.05)×105 cm/sec (1/3√3 times the Debye velocity). The inverse of the normal process phonon lifetime has a value TN-1=4.49×104T4 sec-1. Scattering due to the hole-phonon interaction is observed for ballistic L modes propagating along the C3 axis.

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