Prediction of multilayer adsorption and capillary condensation phenomena in cylindrical mesopores

Qiao, S. Z. ; Bhatia, S. K. ; Zhao, X. S. (2003) Prediction of multilayer adsorption and capillary condensation phenomena in cylindrical mesopores Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 65 (2-3). pp. 287-298. ISSN 1387-1811

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MCM-41 periodic mesoporous silicates with a high degree of structural ordering are synthesized and used as model adsorbents to study the isotherm prediction of nitrogen adsorption. The nitrogen adsorption isotherm at 77 K for a macroporous silica is measured and used in high-resolution αs-plot comparative analysis to determine the external surface area, total surface area and primary mesopore volume of the MCM-41 materials. Adsorption equilibrium data of nitrogen on the different pore size MCM-41 samples (pore diameters from 2.40 to 4.92 nm) are also obtained. Based on the Broekhoff and de Boer' thermodynamic analysis, the nitrogen adsorption isotherms for the different pore size MCM-41 samples are interpreted using a novel strategy, in which the parameters of an empirical expression, used to represent the potential of interaction between the adsorbate and adsorbent, are obtained by fitting only the multilayer region prior to capillary condensation for C16 MCM-41. Subsequently the entire isotherm, including the phase transition, is predicted for all the different pore size MCM-41 samples without any fitting. The results show that the prediction of multilayer adsorption and total adsorbed amount are in good agreement with the experimental isotherms. The predictions of the relative pressure corresponding to capillary equilibrium (coexistence) transition agree remarkably with experimental data on the adsorption branch even for hysteretic isotherms, confirming that this is the branch appropriate for pore size distribution analysis. The impact of pore radius on the adsorption film thickness and capillary coexistence pressure is also investigated, and found to agree with the experimental data.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to International Zeolite Association.
Keywords:Adsorption Isotherm; Capillary Condensation; Capillary Coexistence; Hysteresis; Mesopore; Multilayer Adsorption
ID Code:3014
Deposited On:09 Oct 2010 10:20
Last Modified:17 May 2011 06:21

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