Photorespiratory nitrogen cycle - a critical evaluation

Singh, Prikhshayat ; Kumar, P. A. ; Abrol, Y. P. ; Naik, M. S. (1986) Photorespiratory nitrogen cycle - a critical evaluation Physiologia Plantarum, 66 (1). pp. 169-176. ISSN 0031-9317

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The photorespiratory nitrogen cycle proposed by Keys et al. (Nature 275: 741-743, 1978) involved formation of glycine by transamination of glyoxylate in the peroxisomes utilizing glutamate. Subsequently, glycine is oxidized to ammonia, serine and CO2 in the mitochondria. The ammonia is reassimilated via the GS/GOGAT pathway generating glutamate. In this article, experimental evidence which suggests the occurrence of alternative mechanisms of glycolate and serine synthesis as well as of CO2 and ammonia evolution is discussed. The problem of utilization of NADH coupled to ATP synthesis during photosynthesis is still unresolved, which complicates the glycine oxidation reaction in light. Further, factors are presented that determine the availability of amino donors in the peroxisomes and of amino acids viz., glycine, serine and glutamate for the operation of the photorespiratory N cycle. Recent evidence regarding the role of formate arising out of the reaction of glyoxylate with H2O2 in the regulation of photosynthetic electron flow in the Hill reaction, as well as of photorespiratory substrates functioning as carbon sources for the citric acid cycle in the light or for export to the growing tissues, suggests that the role of photo-respiration in plant metabolism needs to be reexamined.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Scandinavian Society for Plant Physiology.
Keywords:Chloroplasts; Cytosol; Mitochondria; Nitrogen Metabolism; Photosynthesis
ID Code:28898
Deposited On:18 Dec 2010 05:49
Last Modified:11 May 2011 06:13

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