Cytogenetics of tropical bulbous ornamentals VIII: Pollen grain mitosis in Zephyranthes puertoricensis

Raina, S. N. ; Khoshoo, T. N. (1971) Cytogenetics of tropical bulbous ornamentals VIII: Pollen grain mitosis in Zephyranthes puertoricensis Genetica, 42 (2). pp. 239-247. ISSN 0016-6707

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/t2w11j87835621...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00121906

Abstract

The immediate result of recombination during male meiosis within the complex interchange heterozygote polyploids in Zephyranthes could be assessed from the chromosomal constitution of pollen grains in one species with 2n=25. The numbers found in the pollen grains were n=1-16, 20 and 24. Considering n=12 (22.3%) as the haploid number, nearly 57.2% were subhaploid, out of which 19.6% had n=11. Occurrence of such a high proportion of subhaploid grains may be explained on the basis of the polyploid constitution (4x+1) of the species (x=6). In this sense, grains with a basic set of 6 chromosomes may be able to function. Therefore, in the real sense only grains with numbers less than 6 are submonoploid which constitute only 10.7%. In the subhaploid grains there was a preference for large and medium sized chromosomes, while in grains with higher numbers there was noted a tendency for smaller chromosomes to be represented more than once, indicating their non-disjunction during meiosis. Totally new types of nucleolar chromosomes emanating after recombination were also seen. This investigation has shown the extent of potential cytological polymorphism possible in heterozygotes like Zephyranthes puertoricensis. How much of this polymorphism is meaningful in creating the aneuploid pattern found in the genus, depends on the competitive advantage different numbers have during fertilisation vis-a-vis possibly similar polymorphism created during the female meiosis.

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